Prostatitis is at the top of the list of most common male diseases. It develops as a result of inflammation of the soft tissues of the prostate. The disease affects a man's well-being and the quality of his intimate life. There are many traditional ways of treating diseases. But experts do not stop discovering new things in the treatment of prostatitis. Modern techniques allow you to deal with the problem quickly and without health consequences. An integrated approach is considered a prerequisite for successful treatment.
Modern methods of treatment of prostatitis
In most cases, prostatitis is diagnosed in the later stages, when it becomes chronic. The basis of treatment is the use of antibacterial agents and non-steroidal drugs with analgesic effects. In complicated cases, alpha-blockers are chosen for men.
For the highest effectiveness of treatment, other methods of influencing the prostate are also used. In recent years, many new things have appeared in the treatment of prostatitis.
Physiotherapy procedures are in particular demand:
- radiofrequency therapy;
- electrical stimulation;
- balloon dilatation of the urethra;
- laser treatment;
Modern methods of prostatitis treatment are aimed at improving blood circulation in the genital area. Because of this, stagnant processes that contribute to the inflammatory process in the prostate are eliminated.
Procedures can be performed both in the hospital and on an outpatient basis. Treatment of chronic prostatitis is carried out taking into account accompanying pathologies and individual characteristics of the body.
Laser therapy is a procedure that involves the use of a powerful beam of light that heats part of the skin's surface. Because of this, the metabolic processes in the prostate cells are improved and the regeneration process of the affected areas is accelerated.
The procedure is performed not only for the treatment of prostatitis, but also for preventive purposes.
Contraindications to the procedure include:
- acute form of the disease;
- oncological formations;
- acute pathologies of the respiratory tract.
The procedure of restoring prostate function with the help of laser exposure has both negative and positive sides. Disadvantages include a high risk of burns and a violation of the testosterone production process.
Advantages of the method include:
- short recovery period;
- low probability of complications;
- relapse prevention;
- strengthening of blood vessels in the pelvis area.
Laser therapy for prostatitis is not performed in people over 65 years of age.
Radiofrequency thermal therapy is widely used in the treatment of various diseases. In medicine, it has another name - thermotherapy. The energy of radiofrequency radiation produces heating of the deep layers of the skin.
This allows you to achieve the following effect:
- removal of painful sensations;
- removing puffiness;
- dilation of blood vessels;
- tissue oxygenation.
In the treatment of the prostate, radiofrequency therapy is used to limit the destruction of the tissue of the organ. It allows you to free the urethra from the pressure of the edematous prostate.
As a result, the function of urination is normalized in a man. In 75% of cases, improvement in well-being is observed within 3-4 weeks of treatment.
The procedure is performed on an outpatient basis, under the supervision of medical staff. The general course of treatment includes 3-10 visits to the physiotherapy room. The duration of the procedure is 20 minutes. After the procedure, the patient is under the supervision of a doctor for at least an hour. The doctor chooses the treatment regimen individually.
During electrical stimulation, muscle contraction occurs, due to which prostate tissues are freed from toxic substances and stagnant fluid. The purpose of the procedure is to reduce the volume of the prostate due to the influence of low-frequency electric current.
During the treatment, a catheter equipped with electrodes is inserted into the urethra. At this point, the patient lies on his back, bending his legs. The doctor manually directs the current power, focusing on the human's well-being.
If the procedure is performed endorectally, then the rectum is first released. With malignant abscess formations and the acute form of the disease, treatment is not carried out.
The result of electrical stimulation is as follows:
- removal of painful sensations;
- normalization of blood circulation;
- increased erection;
- restoration of urinary function.
One of the newest methods of treating prostatitis is ozone therapy. It is the process of introducing an ozonated isotonic sodium chloride solution into the rectal opening. The optimal concentration of ozone is 2. 0 µg/ml. The course of treatment includes from 12 to 15 procedures.
Ozone therapy is combined with antibiotics and prostate massage. When using this method of treatment, a significant improvement in well-being was noted by 93% of patients. The procedure is used not only as an addition to the main drug therapy, but also as an independent treatment.
Balloon dilatation of the urethra
Modern treatment of prostatitis with the help of balloon dilatation of the urethra helps to eliminate the symptoms of the pathological process. The main advantage of the procedure is the absence of pain. In some cases, an ultrasound examination is performed during it.
The procedure involves the introduction of an endoscopic tube into the urethra, at the end of which there is a balloon for inflation. With its help, the lumen of the urethra expands.
In complicated cases, this method of treatment is combined with stenting. A special cylinder is placed in the area of the urethra which prevents the reverse narrowing process.
What is vacuum therapy?
Vacuum restoration of the prostate involves the use of a special device. Disadvantages of vacuum therapy include the lack of impact on the root of the problem. The device removes only the symptoms of the disease. Therefore, it is recommended to be used in combination with medical treatment or surgical methods.
Contraindications to the procedure include:
- circulatory system diseases;
- psychological problems;
- acute form of the disease.
Vacuum therapy aims to bring the penis to an erection state. The device used during the procedure ensures the flow of blood into the small pelvis, which normalizes the work of the prostate.
The principle of action of vacuum therapy on the male body is as follows:
- The penis is placed in the pump cylinder, after which all the air is pumped out of it.
- Blood rushes to the small pelvis, bringing the penis into a state of erection.
- The compression ring is transferred to the base of the penis.
- Air is drawn into the pump and then removed from it.
How does thermotherapy affect the treatment of prostatitis?
Heat therapy is considered a mild way of acting on the prostate. Compared to drug treatment, it is more effective, but does not lead to such complications as surgery can cause. To create and maintain a certain temperature, laser, microwave or radio frequency energy is used.
The procedure allows you to quickly and imperceptibly destroy pathological prostate cells.
Heating of the prostate tissue can be superficial or deep. With its help, the organs of the genitourinary system are repaired and the conditions for drug therapy are improved.
The result of the treatment is as follows:
- optimization of local metabolism;
- increased local immunity;
- increased arterial and capillary blood flow;
- increasing the permeability of cell membranes.
Thermotherapy belongs to the group of minimally invasive procedures with a high degree of efficiency. It is not used as a primary treatment. Thermotherapy most often enhances the effect of drug therapy.
The principle of exposure depends on the temperature regime used during the treatment:
- At a temperature of about 45 ° C, pathological cells are destroyed, but healthy ones are not affected.
- In the range from 45°C to 70°C, necrotic changes occur in prostate tissues.
- When the temperature reaches 100°C, the volume of the inflamed organ decreases.
Despite the high efficiency of the procedure, it is not carried out in all cases. This is due to the high probability of complications.
These include hematuria, bladder spasms, dysuria, and urethral pain. The procedure is prohibited in case of blood diseases, mental disorders and wearing a pacemaker or joint prostheses.
New drugs for prostatitis
The pharmaceutical market tends to be constantly updated. In recent years, many drugs have appeared for the treatment of prostatitis. The drugs are characterized by rapid penetration into prostate tissues and a cumulative effect.
Treatment of prostatitis in men requires a lot of strength and patience. It is much more difficult to treat a disease than to take preventive measures in time. There are drugs that normalize the work of the prostate, which prevents the development of the inflammatory process.
It is strictly forbidden to take drugs for prostatitis without a doctor's prescription.
Latest news about new ways
As a result of recent studies by American scientists, it was discovered that cancer cells are able to adapt to the conditions created in the body during drug treatment. Therefore, it is very important to use new methods in the fight against the disease.
Prostate cancer is most often treated with a special drug. Despite its effectiveness, it causes minimal damage to the healthy cells of the male reproductive system.
Hormonal preparations are additionally used:
- Antiandrogen drugs are used to block androgens in combination with pituitary hormones.
- Gonadotropins are necessary to reduce the concentration of testosterone.
- Drugs similar to the pituitary block the production of sex hormones.
The latest experimental methods of treatment include virotherapy. It involves the use of modified viruses that eliminate cancer cells. A prominent representative of this category of drugs is ECHO 7 Rigvir. During its use, the restoration of the body's immune defenses is observed.
Every year there are more and more drugs for prostatitis. Before using tablets in the fight against the disease, you should consult a doctor and undergo a comprehensive examination of the body. Only in this case, therapeutic therapy will be as productive as possible.